- Winding - a process of converting single or multiple ends from large supply packages into a precision way wind pattern. The yarn is transferred onto a double tapered braider or serving packages.
- Twisting - a process of preparing one or more ends into an uptwist configuration. This is the first step before the plying process can begin. This process improves the strength, diameter and flexibility to the yarn.
- Plying - is the combining of individual yarns that are down twisted together to make a composite yarn; a "two by three (2x3)" would mean that two single yarns of a construction of three are plied together to give the composite yarn of 2/3s producing a total of six strands.
- Twist - The twist is the number of turns about its axis per unit of length observed in a yarn or other textile strand.
- Twist Balance - The orientation of twist in the plied yarn which will not cause twisting on itself when the yarn is held in the form of an open loop; all residual torsional effects are nullified.
- S-Twist Multiplier - The level of twist expressed in turns per inch (tpi) of the yarn. The strands have an ascending right to left configuration as in the central position of the letter S.
- Z-Twist - The strands have an ascending left to right configuration as in the central position of the letter Z.
- Fiberglass Roving - These products are multiple ends of Fiberglass continuous (splice free) filament yarn processed onto high capacity steel reels. Specialty glass reinforcements are complex in nature and require precise processing conditions. This product is available in fibers such as KEVLAR and other ARAMIDS. Their primary use is in automotive ignition wires as a core material and telecommunication cables. Fiberglass reinforcements offer the wire & cable market high quality, high performance and cost-effective materials.
- Braiding - Interlacing several ends of fiberglass yarn in a manner such that the paths of the yarns are not parallel to the material axis offers repeatable processing characteristics. Braided materials are made into industrial sleeving and tubing products for electrical insulation applications. Braid products are produced on Maypole and Wardwell machines.
- Polyglass Serving Yarn - An improved polystyrene spool used in a serving process over magnet wire; this combination yarn creates a flexible protective coating and capable of withstanding tough coil winding environments. A conventional method of electrically insulating wire, such as magnet wire, consist of passing the wire through a hollow mandrel on which a continuous spool of yarn is placed, and rotating the spool to wind the yarn about the wire.
The Conneaut spool has unique characteristics:
- Available up to 60 ends - Metered lengths (specified footage)
- Higher capacity spool/speed
- Improved breakaway design.